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What is Electric Current?
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## 1 Answer

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Electric Current is the charge in motion, when a potential difference between two charges forces a third charge to move.

It is measured by the time rate of flow of charge through the conductor. If q is the charge flowing through any cross-section of the conductor in time t, then,

I = $\frac{q}{t}$

If the rate of flow of charge varies with time, then the current at any time (instantaneous current) is given by,

i = $\frac{dq}{dt}$

where:

dq = is the small charge passing through any cross-section of the conductor

dt = small time (differential time)

One ampere of current is said to flow through a wire if at any section one coulomb of charge flows in one second. If n electrons are passing through any cross-section of the wire in time t, then,

I = $\frac{q}{t}$ = $\frac{ne}{t}$

where:

e = -1.6 x 10-19 C

by engr III (10.4k points)
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